Lin Zhang and Lei Zhang* Pages 469 - 478 ( 10 )
Background: Santacruzamate A (SCA) is a natural product isolated from a marine cyanobacterium. Activity test results revealed that SCA is a highly potent HDAC2 inhibitor with an IC50 value of 0.112 nM. The IC50 of SCA in inhibiting cancer cell proliferation is 28.3 μM and 1.3μM on HCT116 and HuT-78 cells, respectively.
Objective: To develop HDAC inhibitors with improved activity, SCA analogs were synthesized for the structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies.
Methods: Various substituted groups were introduced into the zinc binging group, linker, and cap regions of SCA by various chemical synthetic methods.
Results: Compared with SCA, the derivatives of SCA did not exhibit improved HDAC2 inhibitory activity. Nevertheless, several molecules such as III-32, III-33, IV-4b, and IV-11 showed improved activity in inhibiting cell proliferation on HCT116 and HuT-78 cells.
Conclusion: Collectively, a potent HDAC2 inhibitor SCA was discovered as a lead compound for further development of selective HDAC inhibitors.
Cancer, histone deacetylase 2, inhibitor, santacruzamate A, SAR, selectivity.
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Weifang Medical University, Weifang