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MiR-125b Inhibits Cell Proliferation and Induces Apoptosis in Human Colon Cancer SW480 Cells via Targeting STAT3

Author(s):

Junhe Zhang*, Wenwen Yang, Yunxi Xiao and Linlin Shan   Pages 1 - 8 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Colon cancer is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide. Multiple studies have unveiled the key role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the development of various types of cancer. However, the mechanism of action of miR-125b in the development and progression of colon cancer remains unknown.

Objective: In this study, we explored the association of miR-125b and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and its role in the proliferation and apoptosis of SW480 colon cancer cells.

Methods: The miR-125b expression in NCM460, SW480, HT29, and HCT8 cells was detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). SW480 cells were transfected with lentiviruses of GFP-miR-125b and GFP-NC to establish a stable miR-125b overexpression colon cancer cell model and a control model. The targeting relationship between miR-125b and STAT3 was analyzed using bioinformatics and verified by the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were assessed using the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and TUNEL staining. The expression levels of STAT3, Bcl-2, and Bax were analyzed using Western blot analysis.

Results: It was found that the relative mRNA expression of miR-125b was decreased in SW480, HT29, and HCT8 cells compared with that in NCM460 cells (P<0.05). The luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that miR-125b downregulated the STAT3 gene expression (P<0.05). Overexpression of miR-125b inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis in SW480 colon cancer cells and was accompanied by upregulated Bax expression and downregulated Bcl-2 expression (P<0.05). Re-expression of STAT3 promoted cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis, whereas Bcl-2 expression increased, and Bax expression decreased (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The miR-125b regulates the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 by downregulating the expression of STAT3, thereby inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis of SW480 colon cancer cells.

Keywords:

Apoptosis, Bcl-2, colon cancer, miR-125b, proliferation, STAT3.

Affiliation:

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang 453003, Henan, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang 453003, Henan, Institutes of Health Central Plains, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang 453003, Henan, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang 453003, Henan



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