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Use of the Semiconductor Nanotechnologies “Quantum Dots” for in vivo Cancer Imaging

[ Vol. 4 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Monica Ciarlo, Patrizia Russo, Alfredo Cesario, Sara Ramella, Gabriella Baio, Carlo E. Neumaier and Laura Paleari   Pages 207 - 215 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Non-invasive in vivo imaging offers great potential to facilitate translational drug development research at the animal testing phase. The emerging luminescent nanoparticles or quantum dots provide a new type of biological agents that can improve these applications. The advantages of luminescent nanoparticles for biological applications include their high quantum yield, color availability, good photo-stability, large surface-to-volume ratio, surface functionality, and small size. These properties could improve the sensitivity of biological detection and imaging by at least 10- to 100-fold and make them an exceptional tool for live-cell imaging. In this review patents on applications of semiconductor quantum dots for in vivo imaging are discussed.

Keywords:

Quantum dots, in vivo imaging, cancer

Affiliation:

Lung Cancer Unit, National Cancer Research Institute, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, Genova, I-16132, Italy.



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